Industrially compostable plastics play an essential role in putting the envisioned circular economy into practice. With reference to the European waste hierarchy, industrially compostable plastics provide added value through organic recycling. This includes both industrial composting and anaerobic digestion.

Certified industrially compostable plastic products such as biowaste bags or fresh food packaging are intended to end up in municipal biowaste streams. They are suitable for organic recycling as they can be collected and organically recycled together with the food waste. By offering consumers an easy solution to separate their household biowaste, they increase the volume and quality of valuable compost that is generated via industrial composting. In case the waste is processed via anaerobic digestion a larger amount of separately collected biowaste can additionally help to increase the share of biogas production.


Organic recycling of municipal biowaste contributes to a considerable extent to a circular bioeconomy:

  • diverting municipal biowaste away from landfills reduces greenhouse gas emissions,
  • diverting it away from incineration prevents material and energy losses,*
  • diverting it from mechanical recycling streams reduces the contamination of those streams, and
  • via organic recycling it generates valuable compost to be used as fertiliser or soil improver.

With the establishment of an EU-wide mandatory biowaste collection** and correspondingly growing amounts of organic waste, capacities for the treatment of municipal biowaste in the EU will need to be increased in the near future.

Separate collection of biowaste is an essential precondition for high-quality organic recycling. Certified compostable products have been proven to facilitate this separate collection and are instrumental to divert biowaste from the residual to the organic waste stream. ***,****,***** Since the beginning